The J.I. Case 580B Construction King tractor, manufactured by J.I. Case in Burlington, Iowa, USA, holds a prominent place in the history of agricultural equipment. Produced from 1971 to 1976, this remarkable 2WD industrial tractor remains a symbol of reliability and versatility in the farming industry. With its exceptional engine specifications, diverse transmission options, and other notable features, the Case 580B has significantly contributed to enhancing productivity and efficiency in the agricultural sector.
The J.I. Case 580B is available with three engine choices, providing farmers with flexibility to suit their specific needs. The first option is a 3.1 L (188.0 cu·in) four-cylinder diesel engine, delivering robust power and excellent fuel efficiency. The second option is a 3.1 L (188.0 cu·in) four-cylinder gasoline engine, providing a reliable alternative for those preferring gasoline-powered equipment. Additionally, a 2.6 L (159.0 cu·in) four-cylinder gasoline engine offers a compact yet capable solution. These engine options ensure that farmers can select the most suitable power source for their operational requirements, ensuring optimal performance in the field.
The J.I. Case 580B offers farmers a range of transmission options to enhance their operational versatility. The first choice is a synchronized shuttle transmission, offering 8 forward and 8 reverse gears. The second option is a power shuttle with torque converter transmission, providing 4 forward and 4 reverse gears. This transmission is designed for optimal torque delivery, lastly, the hydrostatic transmission offers infinite forward and reverse gears, granting operators precise speed control without the need for shifting. These transmission choices empower farmers to adapt to various tasks and terrains, ultimately increasing productivity and reducing operator fatigue.
Features Of Case 580B Tractor
The Case 580B tractor, with its rich history, diverse engine options, transmission choices, and exceptional features, has played a significant role in the agricultural sector, this iconic tractor has assisted farmers in maximizing efficiency and achieving success in their farming operations, lets learn more about its prominent features in-depth:
The Case 580B tractor offers three engine options, each designed to cater to different needs and preferences. The first option is the J.I. Case G188D, a 3.1-liter four-cylinder naturally aspirated diesel engine. With a cylinder bore of 97.0 mm and a piston stroke of 105.0 mm, this engine delivers a power output of 50.7 PS at 2,100 rpm, providing ample power for various tasks. Its high compression ratio of 17.5:1 ensures efficient fuel combustion, resulting in improved fuel economy and reduced emissions. The J.I. Case G188D engine also generates a torque of 179.0 N·m at 1,400 rpm, allowing the tractor to handle heavy loads with ease.
The second engine option available is the J.I. Case G188B, a 3.1-liter four-cylinder naturally aspirated gasoline engine. It shares the same cylinder bore and piston stroke as the diesel variant, but it features a lower compression ratio of 7.34:1. This gasoline engine produces the same power output of 50.7 PS at 2,100 rpm, making it a reliable and cost-effective alternative for those who prefer gasoline-powered equipment. It offers a slightly higher torque of 195.3 Nm at 1,300 rpm, enabling the tractor to handle demanding tasks efficiently. The gasoline engine’s lower compression ratio makes it compatible with a wider range of fuel types, enhancing its versatility.
Lastly, the third engine option is the J.I. Case G159B, a 2.6-liter four-cylinder naturally aspirated gasoline engine. It features a cylinder bore of 89.0 mm and a piston stroke of 105.0 mm, with a compression ratio of 7.42:1. Although it has a smaller displacement compared to the other two options, this engine still delivers respectable performance. It provides an output power of 43.7 PS at 1,900 rpm, making it suitable for applications that require agility and maneuverability. The engine generates a maximum torque of 165.4 N·m at 1,250 rpm, allowing the tractor to handle a variety of tasks with ease. The smaller size of the G159B engine contributes to its compact design, making it ideal for applications in tight spaces or areas with limited maneuvering room.
The Case 580B tractor offers three transmission options, each designed to cater to different operational requirements. The first option is a synchronized shuttle transmission, which provides smooth and efficient shifting between gears. It features eight forward gears and eight reverse gears, offering a wide range of speeds to suit various tasks. With a maximum speed of 33.5 km/h (20.8 mph) in forward and 36.7 km/h (22.8 mph) in reverse.
The second transmission option available is a power shuttle with a torque converter. This transmission combines the convenience of a shuttle system with the added benefit of a torque converter. It offers four forward gears and four reverse gears, providing ample options for different applications. The power shuttle feature enables easy direction changes without the need to depress the clutch pedal, enhancing efficiency and productivity. With a top speed of 33.5 km/h (20.8 mph) in forward and 36.7 km/h (22.8 mph) in reverse.
The third transmission option is a hydrostatic transmission, which offers infinite forward and reverse gears. The hydrostatic transmission eliminates the need for gear shifting, allowing for smooth acceleration and deceleration. With a maximum speed of 29.0 km/h (18 mph) in forward and 19.3 km/h (12 mph) in reverse, this transmission provides excellent maneuverability and control.
The Case 580B tractor is equipped with a robust hydraulic system that offers impressive capacity and performance. The hydraulic system has a total capacity of 41.6 liters (11 US gallons or 9.2 Imperial gallons). The hydraulic system operates at a pressure of 2200 psi (151.7 bar), which indicates the force with which hydraulic fluid is distributed throughout the system.
In terms of flow, the hydraulic system delivers a total flow rate of 26.0 gallons per minute (98.4 liters per minute) at an engine speed of 2,100 rpm. This flow rate determines the speed and efficiency at which hydraulic functions can be performed.
Other General Features
The J.I. Case 580B Construction King boasts several other mechanical features that further contribute to its appeal in the agricultural sector. The tractor is equipped with hydrostatic power steering, enabling effortless maneuverability and precise control, even in tight spaces.
The differential mechanical disc/band brakes ensure reliable stopping power, enhancing operator safety and peace of mind. The open operator station provides a comfortable working environment, allowing operators to focus on the task at hand while maintaining excellent visibility.
Additionally, the availability of a ROPS (Roll-Over Protective Structure) or optional cab enhances operator safety and protection from potential hazards. Moreover, the substantial 83.3 liters (22 US gal.; 18.3 Imp. gal) fuel tank capacity minimizes downtime and ensures extended operating periods without frequent refueling.
List Of Serial Number
The serial number of the tractor is written adjacent to the year of its manufacture:
- 1971 – 8674001
- 1972 – 8691901
- 1973 – 8712001
- 1974 – 8736601
- 1975 – 8770001
- 1976 – 8797501
Pros and Cons of Case 580B Tractor
Here are some factual pros and cons considering the overall Case 580B tractor.
- The Case 580B tractor is a versatile machine that can handle a wide range of tasks. It is commonly used in agricultural, construction, and industrial applications, making it suitable for various job sites and environments.
- With different engine options available, users can choose the one that best fits their needs in terms of power output, torque, and fuel efficiency.
- The tractor offers multiple transmission options, including synchronized shuttle, power shuttle with torque converter, and hydrostatic. This variety allows users to select the transmission type that suits their preferences and operational requirements, providing flexibility and ease of use.
- The hydraulic system of the Case 580B tractor has a substantial capacity, high pressure, and generous flow rate. This enables efficient operation of hydraulic functions.
- Due to its age, the tractor may not have the same level of operator comfort and ergonomic features found in modern machines.
- Older models like the Case 580B tractor may not meet the latest emission standards set by regulatory authorities.
The Case 580B tractor offers a range of features and specifications that make it a versatile and reliable machine for various agricultural, construction, and industrial applications. With different engine options, transmission choices, and a robust hydraulic system, this tractor provides power, performance, and efficiency to tackle a wide range of tasks.
While it may lack some of the modern comforts and advanced technology found in newer models, its durability, reputation for reliability, and ability to handle demanding work conditions make it a viable option for those in search of a dependable workhorse.