The Farmall 560 is a 2WD row-crop tractor that was manufactured by Farmall, a part of International Harvester, from 1958 to 1963. The company has a rich history of producing innovative and reliable farm machinery, and the Farmall 560 is no exception. It was designed to be a versatile and powerful machine that could handle a wide range of tasks on the farm.
The Farmall 560 is equipped with one of two engines: a 4.6 L (281.3 cu·in) six-cylinder diesel engine or a 4.3 L (263.0 cu·in) six-cylinder gasoline / LP-gas engine. These engines were designed to provide efficient and reliable power, making them ideal for use in agricultural settings where high performance is essential.
The Farmall 560 is also equipped with one of two transmissions: a sliding gear transmission with 5 forward and 1 reverse gear or a partial power shift (Torque Amplifier) transmission with 10 forward and 2 reverse gears. These transmissions allow for precise control of the tractor, making it easier to perform a wide range of tasks with maximum efficiency.
In addition to these features, the Farmall 560 also comes equipped with manual rack-and-pinion or hydrostatic power (optional) steering, independent mechanical disc brakes, open operator station, and a large fuel tank. These features provide added comfort and convenience to the operator, while also improving overall efficiency and productivity on the farm.
Features Of The Farmall 560 Tractor
The Farmall 560 tractor boasts powerful engine options, versatile transmission choices, and reliable steering and brake systems. These features, along with its large fuel tank capacity, make the Farmall 560 a popular choice among farmers for a variety of agricultural tasks. Let’s learn more about its prominent features:
The Farmall 560 tractor was equipped with two engine options, the International Harvester D282 and C263 engines. The D282 is a 4.6 L six-cylinder diesel engine with a cylinder bore of 94.0 mm and piston stroke of 112.0 mm, producing a PTO output power of 60.4 PS. It boasts a compression ratio rating of 18.2:1, making it a powerful and efficient engine for heavy-duty farm work. The C263, on the other hand, is a 4.3 L six-cylinder gasoline or LP-gas engine with a cylinder bore of 90.0 mm and piston stroke of 112.0 mm. It produces the same PTO output power of 60.4 PS, with a compression ratio rating of 7.2:1 for the gasoline version and 8.7:1 for the LP-gas version. This engine offers the flexibility to use either gasoline or LP-gas, which can be a cost-saving benefit for farmers. Both engines provide the power and reliability needed for efficient farm operations, making the Farmall 560 a popular choice for farmers during its production period from 1958 to 1963.
The Farmall 560 tractor was offered with two types of transmission systems: sliding gear and partial power shift. The sliding gear transmission system had 5 forward and 1 reverse gears. The transmission had a top forward speed of 26.7 kmh (16.6 mph) and a top reverse speed of 4.5 kmh (2.8 mph). The sliding gear transmission is known for its simplicity, durability, and reliability. It is ideal for heavy-duty work such as plowing, tilling, and hauling.
The partial power shift (Torque Amplifier) transmission system had 10 forward and 2 reverse gears. The transmission had a top forward speed of 26.7 kmh (16.6 mph) and a top reverse speed of 4.5 kmh (2.8 mph). The partial power shift transmission system provides a greater range of speeds than the sliding gear transmission. It allows the operator to change gears without stopping the tractor or depressing the clutch, resulting in faster and more efficient work. The partial power shift transmission system is ideal for jobs that require varying speeds, such as mowing, seeding, and cultivating.
The Farmall 560 tractor comes with a hydraulic system that is designed to provide reliable power and control to its implements. It has a hydraulic capacity of 60.6 L (64.04 US. qt, 53.32 Imp. qt.) which can handle a wide range of applications in the field. The hydraulic system features one to three valves that can be controlled by the operator to regulate the flow of hydraulic fluid to the implements. Additionally, the system comes with a pump flow of 17.0 gpm (64.4 lpm) which is capable of providing ample power to the implements. The steering flow of the hydraulic system is 2.5 gpm (9.5 lpm) which ensures that the tractor remains easy to maneuver even when under heavy loads. The hydraulic system is a critical component of the Farmall 560 tractor, and its capacity and design ensure that the tractor can handle a wide range of tasks with ease and precision.
List Of Serial Number
The serial number of the tractor can be found on the tag on the clutch housing, present on the right side of the Farmall 656.
The serial number of the tractor is written adjacent to the year of its manufacture:
- 1958 501
- 1959 7341
- 1960 26914
- 1961 36125
- 1962 47798
- 1963 60278
- Final 66032
Pros and Cons
Here are some factual pros and cons considering the overall Farmall 560.
Pros Of The Farmall 560 Tractor
- The Farmall 560 is a versatile tractor that can handle a variety of tasks, from plowing and cultivating to hauling and towing.
- The engine of the Farmall 560 is known for its fuel efficiency, which can result in cost savings over time.
- The simple design and reliable construction of the Farmall 560 make it easy to maintain and repair.
- The open operator station provides a comfortable environment for the operator to work in, and the optional hydrostatic power steering system makes steering effortless.
Cons Of The Farmall 560 Tractor
- The Farmall 560’s engine produces relatively low horsepower, which may limit its ability to handle heavy-duty tasks.
- The Farmall 560 was manufactured over 50 years ago, which means its technology is outdated compared to modern tractors.
Price Of The Farmall 560 Tractor
The original price of the Farmall 560 tractor was $5,500 in 1963. The price of a used tractor can depend upon the condition of its engine and other mechanical components.
The Farmall 560 Tractor is a reliable and versatile machine that was manufactured by Farmall from 1958 to 1963. It offers farmers a choice between two powerful engines, two transmission types, and other useful features such as hydraulic system, steering options, and brakes. Despite some limitations in terms of maneuverability and maintenance, the Farmall 560 tractor remains a popular choice among farmers who value its durability, performance, and versatility in the field.