The Ford Motor Company, founded by Henry Ford in 1903, is a well-known American multinational corporation that has made significant contributions to the automotive industry. However, the company’s history also includes a legacy of manufacturing agricultural machinery and tractors. The Ford 2N tractor is one of the most iconic models in the company’s history, produced during a time of great demand for reliable farm equipment.
The Ford 2N tractor is powered by a 2.0 L (120.0 cu·in) four-cylinder gasoline engine. This engine is known for its durability and efficiency, making it a popular choice for farmers in the 1940s. The four-cylinder design provides ample power for plowing fields, pulling trailers, and operating other farm equipment, while also being relatively fuel-efficient.
The transmission of the Ford 2N is a sliding gear design, with three forward gears and one reverse gear. This type of transmission is simple and reliable, making it an excellent choice for agricultural work. With the ability to switch between gears easily, farmers can adjust the tractor’s speed to match the task at hand, whether that’s cultivating soil, hauling crops, or any other job on the farm.
Features Of Ford 2N Tractor
The Ford 2N tractor was a reliable and efficient piece of equipment that helped farmers increase their productivity and efficiency during a critical time in history. Its simple yet effective design made it a popular choice for many farmers, and it remains an important part of agricultural history to this day. Let’s learn more about its prominent features.
The Ford 2N utility tractor is powered by a robust Ford engine that has been known for its reliability and efficiency. The engine is a four-cylinder, natural aspirated gasoline engine with a displacement of 2.0 L, 1,966 cm2, (120.0 cu·in). This engine boasts an impressive 81.0 mm (3.19 in) cylinder bore and 95.0 mm (3.74 in) piston stroke, which contributes to its exceptional performance and power output.
The engine of the Ford 2N tractor has a compression ratio rating of 6.0:1, which means that the engine compresses the fuel-air mixture in the cylinder before ignition to a ratio of 6 to 1. This ratio is an important factor in determining the engine’s overall efficiency and power output. The compression ratio of 6.0:1 is relatively low compared to modern engines, but it was an optimal ratio for the time when the Ford 2N was produced.
The Ford 2N engine is capable of producing 23.4 PS (17.2 kW; 23.0 HP) at 2,000 rpm of PTO output power. This power output is essential for driving various types of farm machinery, such as plows, cultivators, and seeders. The engine’s high torque allows for efficient operation of the tractor in demanding conditions, making it an ideal choice for farmers who need a reliable and powerful machine.
The Ford 2N tractor is equipped with a sliding gear transmission system that is simple yet effective in delivering power from the engine to the wheels. The transmission of the Ford 2N has three forward gears and one reverse gear, which allows the operator to select the most suitable gear for the task at hand. The gearshift lever allows the operator to choose between the three forward gears and one reverse gear, depending on the speed and direction of travel required.
The Ford 2N tractor can reach a maximum speed of 18.9 kmh (11.7 mph) in forward gear and 7.0 kmh (4.4 mph) in reverse gear. These speeds are suitable for various farm tasks such as plowing, tilling, and hauling. The transmission system allows the operator to adjust the speed of the tractor to match the task at hand, ensuring that the tractor can work efficiently and effectively.
Other General Features
Other features of the Ford 2N tractor include manual steering, differential mechanical drum brakes, an open operator station, and a 37.9 liter (10 US gal.; 8.3 Imp. gal) fuel tank. While these features may seem basic by today’s standards, they were innovative and practical for their time. The open operator station provided excellent visibility and ventilation, while the mechanical drum brakes allowed for precise control when stopping the tractor.
List Of Serial Number
The Serial number of the Ford 2N tractor can be found stamped into the engine block, left-hand side, just behind the oil filter.
The serial number of the tractor is written adjacent to the year of its manufacture:
- 1942 – 9N99047
- 1943 – 9N105412
- 1944 – 9N126575
- 1945 – 9N170018
- 1946 – 9N198767
- 1947 – 9N258540
- Final – 9N306221
Pros and Cons
Here are some factual pros and cons considering the overall Ford 2N.
Pros Of Ford 2N Tractor
- The Ford 2N tractor is known for its ruggedness and durability. It was designed to withstand the rigors of farm work and was built with sturdy materials that could withstand heavy use.
- The Ford 2N tractor was designed to be an affordable option for small farmers. It was priced competitively and was more affordable than many other tractors on the market at the time.
- The Ford 2N tractor is a versatile machine that can be used for a variety of farm tasks, from plowing to hauling to mowing. Its relatively small size also makes it suitable for use in smaller fields and gardens.
- The sliding gear transmission system of the Ford 2N tractor is a simple yet effective system that delivers power smoothly and efficiently.
Cons Of Ford 2N Tractor
- The Ford 2N tractor has a relatively small engine compared to modern tractors, which limits its power and performance in heavy-duty applications.
- While the Ford 2N tractor is easy to maintain, it does require regular upkeep, including oil changes, lubrication, and other maintenance tasks, to keep it running smoothly.
Price Of Ford 2N Tractor
The original price of the Ford 2N tractor was $1,120. The price of a used tractor can depend upon the condition of its engine and other mechanical components.
The Ford 2N tractor is a classic piece of farm equipment that has been used by farmers for generations. With its durable construction, simplicity of operation, and affordability, it has proven to be a reliable workhorse on farms of all sizes. While it may lack some of the modern amenities and safety features found on newer tractors, its availability of parts and versatility make it a valuable addition to any farming operation. For those looking for a dependable and budget-friendly tractor, the Ford 2N is a great option to consider.